Medicare is a federal health insurance program for people in the United States who are 65 or older. It is also available for certain people younger than 65 with disabilities or people with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD). There are many moving parts to Medicare that cover specific services like inpatient hospital stays, doctors' services and the cost of prescription drugs. Please review below for a high level overview.

Original Medicare


Medicare Part A and Part B are also known as Traditional or Original Medicare.


Helps cover:

O Inpatient care in a hospital

O Skilled nursing facility care

O Nursing home care (not custodial or long-term care)

O Hospice care

O Home health care


Helps cover medically necessary and preventive services:

O Doctor services

O Outpatient care

O Home Health Services

O Durable medical equipment

O Mental Health services

Part C


Medicare Advantage Plans are an alternative way of obtaining Medicare Part A and Part B coverage. You must be entitled to Medicare Part A and enrolled in Medicare Part B to be able to enroll in a plan.

The plans are offered by "Medicare-approved" private companies, who must abide by the government CMS Medicare rules.

The plans can include drug coverage (Medicare Part D). The plans are

network based by health care providers and some allow for out of network coverage. To be eligible for the plan the Medicare Beneficiary must live within the plan’s service area.

Types of Medicare Advantage Plans:

O Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)

O HMO Point-of-Service (HMO-POS)

O Medical Savings Account (MSA)

O Preferred Provider Organization (PPO)

O Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS)

O Special Needs Plan (SNP) - D-SNP|C-SNP|I-SNP

Medicare Advantage Plans also offer coverage not provided by Medicare Part A and Part B, such as: Dental, Hearing, Vision, Routine Physical Exams along with other ancillary benefit options.

Part D


Two ways to obtain Part D coverage:

Part D can come as a stand-alone plan that can be added to Original Medicare, some Medicare Cost Plans, some Private Fee-for-Service plans and Medical Savings Account Plans. You must have both Medicare Part A and/or Medicare Part B to join a separate Medicare drug plan.

Part D coverage can also be as part of a Medicare Advantage Plan

To be eligible for a Part D plan the Medicare Beneficiary must live within the plan’s service area.

Medicare Supplements


Medicare Supplement Plans also known as "Medigap" are plans sold by private companies that helps cover "gaps" Original Medicare, Parts A and B, do not cover.

Those gaps can include: Copayments; Coinsurance; Deductibles

Key points to Medicare Supplement Plans:

O You must have Medicare Part A and Part B

O Plans don’t include Part D coverage, enrollment in a stand-alone plan is needed

O You cannot be sold a Medigap Plan, if you are enrolled in a Medicare Advantage Plan, unless you switch back to Original Medicare.

O Any standardized Medigap policy is guaranteed renewable even if you have health problems, as long as you pay the premium.

Medigap policies generally don't cover:

O Dental

O Hearing

O Vision

O Eyeglasses

O Routine Physical Annual Exams

Medicare Planning

Outside of the overview above, there is a great deal more that pertains to Medicare including the different enrollment periods, late enrollment penalties, eligibility, interaction with other health coverages, such as: Medicaid; Employer-or Union-sponsored coverage; Veterans' Benefits; TRICARE; Long Term Care insurance policies. For a personal Comprehensive Medicare Review tailored to meet your individual needs at no cost to you, contact one of our Medicare Certified Independent 4 Core Advisors.

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TPMO Disclaimer

We do not offer every plan available in your area. Any information we provide is limited to those plans we do offer in your area.

Please contact or 1-800-MEDICARE to get information on all of your options.

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